Watertight Expansion Joints and Construction Sealants by EMSEAL

What is an Expansion Joint?

What is an expansion Joint? This is a plaza deck expansion joint designed to accommodate structural movement

The building expansion joint in the above photo runs through the brick pavers as well as through the structural slab that supports the plaza. Waterproofing is handled on the structural slab by a buried waterproofing membrane. The expansion joint bisects all of the building elements including the structural slab, membrane, and wear course (bricks). Sealing this type of joint requires a specialized system. The FP-series of plaza deck expansion joints from EMSEAL, ensure that the joint is properly integrated with the waterproofing membrane while accommodating structural expansion and contraction movement of the split-slab plaza deck assembly.

In building construction, an expansion joint is a mid-structure separation designed to relieve stress on building materials caused by building movement. Building movement at expansion joints is primarily induced by:

  • thermal expansion and contraction caused by temperature changes,
  • sway caused by wind
  • seismic events
  • static load deflection
  • live load deflection

Because the joint bisects the entire structure, it marks a gap through all building assemblies–wallsdecksplazas or split-slab concoursesfoundation floors and wallsroofs, planters, and green roofsfire-rated demising walls and floorsinterior floors; etc.  This gap must be filled to restore the waterproofing, fire proofing, sound proofing, air barrier, roof membrane, trafficable surface and other functions of the building elements it bisects.

Expansion joint systems are used to bridge the gap and restore building assembly functions while accommodating expected movements.

The term “movement joint” has been widely adopted in preference as it more appropriately encompasses the fact that building movement results in both compression and expansion of the material installed. For example, when a structure heats up, the building materials from which it is built expand.  This causes the “expansion joint” to close down, thereby compressing the joint system installed in the gap.

What is an expansion joint? Here is a wall expansion joint designed to absorb building movements

The above is a wall expansion joint. This structural opening bisects not only the facade but the structural building elements as well. While accommodating movement, joint materials used to fill wall expansion joints must restore the intended functions of the facade and structural building elements. These functions include: waterproofing, resisting hurricane-force wind and water, air-barrier sealing, sound proofing, and in many cases fire proofing. Additionally, because wall expansion joint materials interface with facade materials that should not be penetrated with fasteners, non-invasive anchoring is a desirable feature.

Conversely, when the temperature drops, the materials cool causing the joint gap to open.  This requires the joint system to expand to follow the joint movement.

Expansion Joint Transitions

Expansion joint transitions are essential for ensuring a sealed, safe, and energy efficient building envelope.

Continuity of seal at changes in plane and direction, and between expansion joint systems, is achieved when factory-fabricated transition assemblies are specified and installed.

Whenever possible, transitions should be factory-welded to the ends of longest possible lengths of straight-run material. This minimizes the number of field-welded connections – saving time and reducing risk.

Expansion joint CAD details, 3-D inventor files, isometric, axonometric, and BIM files can assist in designing for continuity of seal.

Collaborative 3-D expansion joint design methodology ensures that all parties involved in delivering trouble-free expansion joints works together for that shared goal.

It is now possible designers to wrap the entire building envelope, as well as ensure that life-safety is addressed by specifying expansion joint systems that tie into one another and are warranted for continuity of seal between like or dissimilar technologies.